Human Sexuality Document

Human Sexuality Policies for Epiphany Catholic School Produced by the Cardinal Newman Society and used with gratitude

Part One
Mission Statement for Epiphany Catholic School

A General Belief Statement

“Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit; Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the World” (MT 28: 19-20).

With this statement, Christ sent forth His apostles on a mission of evangelization. Catholic education promotes and fosters the teaching and values of the Catholic Church as professed by the Magisterium of the Catholic Church and articulated in the Catechism of the Catholic Church.1 Catholic schools, through their educational efforts, provide an essential ecclesiastical ministry, the primary purpose of which is evangelization through a critical transmission of culture in the light of faith and the integral formation of the human person, mind, body, and spirit, to fulfill God’s calling for all to a fullness of Christian living in this world and the next.

Evangelization. Our school assists in the salvific mission of the Catholic Church by preparing all students to seek and proclaim the Good News through education and formation in the Catholic faith.2

Encounter with Christ. Through daily interaction, prayer, liturgies, and participation in the sacraments,3 all members of the school community encounter Christ and His transforming love and truth and in so doing are drawn to proclaim and fulfill His calling for them and for the Christian community.4 Through this encounter, students are moved toward the fullness of their humanity, becoming more aware of the gift of Faith given them at Baptism,5 to mature into adults who will bear witness to the Mystical Body of Christ, respect the dignity of the human person, provide service, lead apostolic lives, and build the Kingdom of God.6

Community of faith. As members of a Catholic educational community, we are all called to model confident and joyful public witness in both word and deed and to live by the moral demands of the Gospel7 in order to model for students the integration of faith and life and to assist in the development of virtues characteristic of the Catholic Christian.8 We do this by living in communion with the Church and its teachings.

Believing in the mercy and forgiveness of Christ, we acknowledge our sinful and fallen nature and look to Christ and to the Sacraments He has given us as sources of grace and strength, particularly when striving to live according to the Ten Commandments given to us in the Old Testament and the Beatitudes given to us by Christ in the New.

Authority for teaching. We profess that all authority for our moral and spiritual teaching is based on the Gospels of Jesus Christ9 and the traditions of the Catholic Church as taught by its ordinary and extraordinary Magisterium, and especially as contained within the Catechism of the Catholic

Transmission of culture. Permeated by an evangelical spirit of authentic freedom and charity,10 our school provides a unique setting where everyone is aware of the living presence of Jesus Christ as evidenced throughout the daily rituals of prayer and Sacraments, harmonious and friendly relationships,11 and curricular selections where faith and culture are intertwined in all areas of school life.12 Cultivating within students their intellectual, creative, and aesthetic faculties in order to develop the right use of reason, promote a sense of values, and encouraging just attitudes and prudent behavior,13 our school environment strives to hand down the cultural patrimony of previous generations, in particular a Christian anthropology which teaches that man was made in the image and likeness of God.

Part Two
Statement Declaring a Catholic Foundation for Human Sexuality Policies

All members of the school community are expected to strive to live a life of virtue guided by the teachings of the Catholic Church in all aspects of their lives. Our school’s pastoral and policy practices are written in fidelity to the moral guidance and teachings of the Catholic Church in all areas that touch on human flourishing. The school establishes an environment of encouragement, mercy, healing, and love to accompany its members as we journey on the path toward holiness.

At the heart of a Catholic school’s unique educational charism is integral formation of the whole human person. The Church instructs us,

Since true education must strive for complete formation of the human person that looks to his or her final end as well as to the common good of societies, children and youth are to be nurtured in such a way that they are able to develop their physical, moral, and intellectual talents harmoniously, acquire a more perfect sense of responsibility and right use of freedom, and are formed to participate actively in social life.14

Because our efforts at integral formation include the integrity of body, spirit, and moral development, our school has a proper concern for each student’s behavior and development in the complex area of human sexuality. As a Catholic institution, we believe that human bodies are gifts from God and temples of the Holy Spirit.15 All men and women are called to a life of chastity appropriate to their vocation as single, married, or consecrated religious. The Church defines chastity as “the successful integration of sexuality within the person and thus the inner unity of man in his bodily and spiritual being”.16

The Church also teaches that “sexuality, in which man’s belonging to the bodily and biological world is expressed, becomes personal and truly human when it is integrated into the relationship of one person to another, in the complete and lifelong mutual gift of a man and a woman”.17 We believe that human sexual behavior is only properly oriented to the ends of love and life in the context of Holy Matrimony.18

The proper understanding of human sexuality requires personal integrity and full integration of body and soul as created by God. According to the Church, “the chaste person maintains the integrity of the powers of life and love placed in him.

14 Libreria Editrice Vaticana, Code of Canon Law, Canon 795.
15 1 Cor 6:19.
16 Catechism of the Catholic Church, #2337.
17 Ibid.
18 Catechism of the Catholic Church, #2360.

This integrity ensures the unity of the person; it is opposed to any behavior that would impair it. It tolerates neither a double life nor duplicity in speech.”19

We believe that the body and soul are intimately united: the body does not contain the soul like water in a glass, but the two are intimately dependent upon each other to express man as the highest order of creation.20 We believe that the sexes are complementary and that as “male and female he made them”.21 Our given biological sex is part of the divine plan.22 The Church teaches that sexual identity is “a reality deeply inscribed in man and woman,”23 it constitutes but is more than one’s biological identity,24 and a person “should acknowledge and accept his sexual identity”.25 One’s biological sex and gender expression are not to be disaggregated,26 but should be seen in harmony, according to God’s plan.

As a Catholic educational institution, we understand truth to be the correspondence of mind to reality:27 a reality which is created by and held in existence by God and which entails the fullness of God’s creation and divine plan. We also affirm that reality is knowable through the use of properly functioning senses and reason, as well as through the aid of divine revelation and the teaching of the Church.28

We believe that man and woman share the same humanity29 and “inalienable dignity which comes to them immediately from God their Creator.”30 We believe “they are equal as persons (“bone of my bones…”) and complementary as masculine and feminine.” Therefore they are deserving of respect, and no harassment, violence, or discrimination because of one’s sex will be tolerated.

Offenses against chastity and marriage, including those described in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, will not be tolerated. Members of the school community may not advocate for such behaviors, share conversations or publications of a prurient nature, or otherwise impede chastity in the context of our Catholic school classes, activities, or events.

Behaviors that are contrary to Catholic morality and the expectations of this school include but are not limited to: vulgar language and gestures of a sexual nature, immodest dress or deportment, expressions of lust, masturbation, pornography, fornication, homosexual activity, expressing a gender that is discordant with one’s biological sex, adultery, cohabitating in a sexual relationship outside of marriage, voluntary sterilization, artificial contraception, in vitro fertilization, procuring an abortion, and sexual harassment or abuse.

Part Three
Specific Policies Related to Human Sexuality

Definition of Terms
“Sex” means the biological condition of being male or female as based upon physical differences at birth.31 “Gender” is a person’s identity as male or female, harmonious with one’s biological sex upon birth.32 “Chastity” is the successful integration of sexuality within the person and thus the inner unity of man in his bodily and spiritual being.33 “Marriage” is the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony, by which one man and one woman unite in a lifelong partnership for the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of children.34
Athletic Policy
Students are only eligible to participate on our school’s sport teams consistent with their biological sex. In order to maintain dignity, modesty, and respect for forms of physical contact between members of the opposite sex, at no time will members of the opposite sex wrestle each other in intra-school or inter-school activities.
Bullying Policy
The common good and Christian justice and charity demand a school environment that is safe and affirming of the dignity of all persons. Bullying of any kind will not be tolerated.

31 Physical differences at birth include chromosomal levels. In the unlikely event that a biological sex determination made at birth is uncertain or inaccurate (a situation affecting less than .1% of the human population) chromosomal levels may need be taken into consideration.
32 Catechism of the Catholic Church, #2333.
33 Catechism of the Catholic Church, #2337.
34 Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1601.

All members of this Catholic school community are called to a life of chastity appropriate to their vocation as single, married, or consecrated religious. This requires modesty in language, appearance, and behavior.
Dance Policy
In keeping with the Christian mission and moral standards of our school, student dress and behavior is to conform to those characteristics of a virtuous and Christ- centered person at all times, including dances and social activities. Consistent with these expectations, students are to refrain from any sexually suggestive behavior both on and off the dance floor. Because the Church teaches that same-sex attractions are disordered,35 advocating for or expressing same-sex attractions, including same-sex couples at dances, is not permitted.
Dress Code/Uniform Code
In order to maintain uniform appearance and proper comportment throughout the school day and at school events, all students, staff, and faculty must follow the dress code expectations of their biological sex while on campus and while representing the school at outside functions. Modesty is expected at all times.
Facilities Use Policy

Chaste behavior and modesty in dress and deportment is expected at all times on school property and at school events. All students, staff, faculty, and visitors are to observe modesty when using changing facilities, locker rooms, showers, and restrooms and may only use facilities that conform to the individual’s biological sex. The latter policy applies in any state of undress in front of others.

School facilities are dedicated to the mission of Catholic education and may not be used by any member of the school community or any external organization or individual for any purpose or cause that is contrary to Catholic teaching or otherwise opposed to the Catholic Church.

Formal Titles and Names
Students will address all adults by their proper titles as based on school employment documents (Mr., Mrs., Miss, Dr., Sr., Brother, etc.) and surname (last name). School personnel will address students by the original name with which the student was registered (or its common derivative) and correlating pronouns.
Gender Identity

The school will interact with students according to their biological sex as based upon physical differences at birth. A member of the school community who wishes to express a gender other than his or her biological sex is understood as operating outside of the “reality deeply inscribed”36 within. Assisting the person in his or her disconnect with this reality, however sincerely experienced, by agreeing to participate in any efforts to change natural gender expression is contrary to the pursuit of the truth. Authentic love, a gift of the self for the good of the other, requires that we compassionately dwell in the truth and assist those we love to do the same.

The school recognizes that occasionally there may be instances where young people experience dissonance between their biological sex and the roles and norms advocated by society.37 Some young people might feel drawn to dress, act, and even manipulate their physical bodies in ways contrary to God’s plan. The school advocates that young people, working with their parents, bring these types of issues to their pastor as well as to other trained professionals who might best assist them in clarifying and defining issues of self (and sexual) identity in accord with Catholic teaching and God’s natural plan. The school’s pastoral and counseling services are available to all members of the school community.

Mission Integrity

The school joyfully exercises its responsibility to teach Catholic faith and morals in all fullness and especially as expressed in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Parents or guardians and non-Catholics whose religious practices and beliefs run counter to Church teaching might experience possible conflicts as we maintain mission integrity. Sincere questioning of the practices of the Catholic faith in order to more deeply understand them are welcome, but openly hostile, public defiance and challenge of Catholic truths or morality, are signs that a student, parent, staff or faculty member may not be a fit for our school’s primary evangelical mission and, thus, may be denied admission or may be asked to leave the school.

Public Displays of Affection
In order to maintain a professional atmosphere of learning, romantic displays of affection, such as romantic hugging, kissing, hand-holding, sitting on laps, etc., are not permitted at school or at school-sponsored events.
Same-Sex Attraction

Because the Catholic Church teaches that same-sex attraction is inherently disordered38 and that sexual activity is only appropriate for the purposes of love and life within Holy Matrimony39, individuals experiencing this disordered inclination may not advocate, celebrate, or express it in the context of our Catholic school classes, activities, or events. The use of the term “same-sex attraction” in discussing homosexual inclinations is preferred, since there is only one proper sexual orientation: that which orients a man to a woman in the bonds of matrimony. Because labels can falsely promote a lasting identification or enduring notion of self, the school avoids labeling individuals with such terms as “gay,” “lesbian,” “bisexual,” or “queer,” even when the individual might desire such identification.

The Church encourages individuals experiencing same-sex attraction to pursue the virtues of chastity, self-mastery, and friendship instead of acting upon those inclinations romantically or sexually.40 The school offers its pastoral and counseling services as sources of comfort and direction for any member of the school community.

Select Church Teachings on Sexuality

Bodily Integrity
“The human body shares in the dignity of “the image of God”: it is a human body precisely because it is animated by a spiritual soul, and it is the whole human person that is intended to become, in the body of Christ, a temple of the Spirit:

Man, though made of body and soul, is a unity. Through his very bodily condition he sums up in himself the elements of the material world. Through him they are thus brought to their highest perfection and can raise their voice in praise freely given to the Creator. For this reason man may not despise his bodily life. Rather he is obliged to regard his body as good and to hold it in honor since God has created it and will raise it up on the last day.” 41

“Sexuality affects all aspect of the human person in the unity of his body and soul. It especially concern affectivity, the capacity to love and to procreate, and in a more general way the aptitude for forming bonds of communion with others.”42

“By creating the human being man and woman, God gives personal dignity equally to the one and the other. Each of them, man and woman, should acknowledge and accept his sexual identity.” 43

“In [St.] Paul’s eyes, it is not only the human spirit…that decides the dignity of the human body. But even more so it is the supernatural reality [of] the indwelling and continual presence of the Holy Spirit in man—in his soul and in his body—as the fruit of the redemption carried out by Christ. It follows that man’s body is no longer just his own. It deserves that respect whose manifestation in the mutual conduct of man, male and female, constitutes the virtue of purity.”44

“The profound falsehood of this theory and the anthropological revolution contained within are obvious. People dispute the idea that they have a nature, given by their bodily identity that serves as a defining element of the human being. They deny their nature and decide that it is not something previously given to them, but that they make it for themselves. According to the Biblical creation account, being created by God as male and female pertains to the essence of the human creature. This duality is an essential aspect of what being human is all about, as ordained by God. This very duality as something given is now disputed. The words ‘male and female he created them’ (Gen 1:27) no longer apply. No, what now applies is this: it was not God who created them male and female—hitherto society did this, now we decide for ourselves.”45

“Yet the contemporary way of exalting the body is deceptive. Eros, reduced to pure ‘sex’, has become a commodity, a mere ‘thing’ to be bought and sold, or rather, man himself becomes a commodity. This is hardly man’s great ‘yes’ to the body. On the contrary, he now considers his body and his sexuality as the purely material part of himself, to be used and exploited at will. ”46

“…human sexuality [is] being regarded more as an area for manipulation and exploitation than as the basis of the primordial wonder which led Adam on the morning of creation to exclaim before Eve: ‘This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh’ (Gen 2:23).”47

Sexual Complementarity
“Man and woman have been created, which is to say, willed by God: on the one hand, in perfect equality as human persons; on the other, in their respective beings as man and woman. ‘Being man’ and ‘being woman’ is a reality which is good and willed by

43 Catechism of the Catholic Church, #2393
44 Pope St. John Paul II, General Audience, The Virtue of Purity is the Expression and Fruit of Life According to the Spirit, February 11, 1981, #3.
45 Pope Benedict XVI, Address on the Occasion of Christmas Greetings to the Roman Curia, December 21, 2012.
46 Pope Benedict XVI, Deus Caritas Est, 2005, #5.
47 Pope St. John Paul II, Letter to the Families, 1994, #19.

God: man and woman possess an inalienable dignity which comes to them immediately from God their Creator. Man and woman are both with one and the same dignity ‘in the image of God’. In their ‘being-man’ and ‘being-woman’, they reflect the Creator’s wisdom and goodness.”48

“Sexuality, by means of which man and woman give themselves to one another through the acts which are proper and exclusive to spouses, is not something simply biological, but concerns the innermost being of the human person as such. It is realized in a truly human way only if it is an integral part of the love by which a man and woman commit themselves totally to one another until death.”49

“Sexuality is ordered to the conjugal love of man and woman. In marriage the physical intimacy of the spouses becomes a sign and pledge of spiritual communion. Marriage bonds between baptized persons are sanctified by the sacrament.”50

“Everyone, man and woman, should acknowledge and accept his sexual identity. Physical, moral, and spiritual difference and complementarity are oriented toward the goods of marriage and the flourishing of family life. The harmony of the couple and of society depends in part on the way in which the complementarity, needs, and mutual support between the sexes are lived out.” 51

“Homosexuality refers to relations between men or women who experience an exclusive or predominant sexual attraction toward persons of the same sex. It has taken a great variety of forms through the centuries and in different cultures. It’s psychological genesis remains largely unexplained. Basing itself on Sacred Scripture, which present homosexual acts as acts of grave depravity, tradition has always declared that ‘homosexual acts are intrinsically disordered.’ They are contrary to the natural law. They close the sexual act to the gift of life. They do not proceed from a genuine affective and sexual complementarity. Under no circumstances can they be approved.”52

“Connected with de facto unions is the particular problem concerning demands for the legal recognition of unions between homosexual persons, which is increasingly the topic of public debate. Only an anthropology corresponding to the full truth of the human person can give an appropriate response to this problem with its different aspects on both the societal and ecclesial levels. The light of such anthropology reveals ‘how incongruous is the demand to accord ‘marital’ status to unions between persons of the same sex. It is opposed, first of all, by the objective impossibility of making the partnership fruitful through the transmission of life according to the plan inscribed by God in the very structure of the human being.

Another obstacle is the absence of the conditions for that interpersonal complementarity between male and female willed by the Creator at both the physical-biological and the eminently psychological levels. It is only in the union of two sexually different persons that the individual can achieve perfection in a synthesis of unity and mutual psychophysical completion’. Homosexual persons are to be fully respected in their human dignity and encouraged to follow God’s plan with particular attention in the exercise of chastity. This duty calling for respect does not justify the legitimization of behavior that is not consistent with moral law, even less does it justify the recognition of a right to marriage between persons of the same sex and its being considered equivalent to the family.”53

“The complementarity of man and woman, the pinnacle of divine creation, is being questioned by the so-called gender ideology, in the name of a more free and just society. The differences between man and woman are not for opposition or subordination, but for communion and generation, always in the ‘image and likeness’ of God.” 54

“The Christian vision of man is, in fact, a great ‘yes’ to the dignity of persons called
to an intimate filial communion of humility and faithfulness. The human being is not a self-sufficient individual nor an anonymous element in the group. Rather he is a unique and unrepeatable person, intrinsically ordered to relationships and sociability. Thus the Church reaffirms her great ‘yes’ to the dignity and beauty of marriage as an expression of the faithful and generous bond between man and woman, and her no to ‘gender’ philosophies, because the reciprocity between male and female is an expression of the beauty of nature willed by the Creator.” 55

“Femininity in some way finds itself before masculinity, while masculinity confirms itself through femininity. Precisely the function of sex [that is, being male or female], which in some way is ‘constitutive for the person’ (not only ‘an attribute of the person’), shows how deeply man, with all his spiritual solitude, with the uniqueness and unrepeatability proper to the person, is constituted by the body as ‘he’ or ‘she’.” 56

Social Ideology
“These words lay the foundation for what is put forward today under the term ‘gender’ as a new philosophy of sexuality. According to this philosophy, sex is no longer a given element of nature that man has to accept and personally make sense of: it is a social role that we choose for ourselves, while in the past it was chosen for us by society. The profound falsehood of this theory and of the anthropological

53 Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 2004, #228.
54 Pope Francis, Address to the Bishops of Puerto Rico, June 8, 2015.
55 Pope Benedict XVI, Address to the Pontifical Council “Cor Unum”, January 19, 2013.
56 Waldstein, M. Man and Woman He Created Them: A Theology of the Body, trans. Boston, MA: Pauline Books & Media, No. 10:1)

revolution contained within it is obvious. People dispute the idea that they have a nature, given by their bodily identity that serves as a defining element of the human being. They deny their nature and decide that it is not something previously given to them, but that they make it for themselves.”57

“In this perspective [i.e., that of gender ideology], physical difference, termed sex, is minimized, while the purely cultural element, termed gender, is emphasized to the maximum and held to be primary. The obscuring of the difference or duality of the sexes has enormous consequences on a variety of levels. This theory of the human person, intended to promote prospects for equality of women through liberation from biological determinism, has in reality inspired ideologies which, for example, call into question the family, in its natural two-parent structure of mother and father, and make homosexuality and heterosexuality virtually equivalent, in a new model of polymorphous sexuality.”58

“The crisis of the family is a societal fact. There are also ideological colonializations of the family, different paths and proposals in Europe and also coming from overseas. Then, there is the mistake of the human mind – gender theory – creating so much confusion.”59

“Faced with theories that consider gender identity as merely the cultural and social product of the interaction between the community and the individual, independent of personal sexual identity without any reference to the true meaning of sexuality, the Church does not tire of repeating her teaching: ’Everyone, man and woman, should acknowledge and accept his sexual identity. Physical, moral and spiritual difference and complementarities are oriented towards the goods of marriage and the flourishing of family life….’ According to this perspective, it is obligatory that positive law be conformed to the natural law, according to which sexual identity is indispensable, because it is the objective condition for forming a couple in marriage” (emphasis in original and internal citation omitted).60

“In the process that could be described as the gradual cultural and human de- structuring of the institution of marriage, the spread of a certain ideology of ‘gender’ should not be underestimated. According to this ideology, being a man or a woman is not determined fundamentally by sex but by culture. Therefore, the bases of the family and inter-personal relationships are attacked.”61

57 Pope Benedict XVI, Address to the Roman Curia, December 21, 2012.
58 Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Letter on the Collaboration of Men and Women in the Church and in the World, 2004, #2.
59 Pope Francis, Pastoral Visit of His Holiness Pope Francis to Pompeii and Naples, March 21, 2015.
60 Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, #224
61 Pontifical Council for the Family, F a mi ly, M a rr ia ge an d “ D e Fa ct o” Un io ns, 2000, #8.

Select Resources

Policy Development

Alliance Defending Freedom. (2015). Protecting your ministry from sexual orientation, gender identity lawsuits: A legal guide for churches, Christian schools, and Christian ministries. Retrieved from

Kniffin, E. (2015). Protecting your right to serve: How religious ministries can meet new challenges without changing their witness. Retrieved from to-serve-how-religious-ministries-can-meet-new-challenges-without- changing-their-witness

Liberty Institute. (2015). Religious liberty templates and guides. Retrieved from

Anderson, C., & Granados, J. (2009). Called to love: Approaching John Paul II’s

theology of the body. New York, NY: The Doubleday Publishing Company.

Evert, J., & Evert, C. (2009). Theology of his body / Theology of her body.

Westchester, PA: Ascension Press.

Evert, J., & Evert, C. (2011). How to find your soulmate without losing your soul.

Lakewood, CO: Totus Tuus Press.

Evert, J., & Evert, C. Love, sex, and babies. (2009). San Diego, CA: Catholic Answers


Evert, J., & Evert, C. (2011). Pure manhood. San Diego, CA: Catholic Answers


Evert, J., & Evert, C. (2008). Pure womanhood. San Diego, CA: Catholic Answers


Healy, M. (2005). Men and women are from Eden. Cincinnati, OH: Servant Books.
Hogan, R. (2006). The human body… a sign of dignity and a gift. Cincinnati, OH: The Couple to Couple League.
Hogan, R. (2005). Is NFP good? Cincinnati, OH: The Couple to Couple League.
Hogan, R. (1985). The wonder of human sexuality. St. Paul, MN: The Leaflet Missal


Lewis, C.S. (1988). The four loves. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Books
Rego R. (1990). The true meaning of love. St. Paul, MN: The Leaflet Missal


Sri, E. (2007). Men, women, and the mystery of love. Cincinnati, OH: St. Anthony

Messenger Press.

Course Materials
Butler, B., Evert, J., & Evert, C. (2011). Theology of the body for teens. Westchester,

PA: Ascension Press.

Gallagher, A., Heinzen, A., Hogan, R., & Taylor, R. (1996). Project Genesis series. St.

Paul, MN: Leaflet Missal Company.

Pauley, C., & Spitzer, R. (2012). Principles and choices series. Snohomish, WA:

Healing the Culture.

Documents from Bishops

Nebraska Catholic Conference. (2016). Nebraska Bishops’ statement on the

Nebraska School Activities Association’s policy on transgender student participation. Retrieved from bishops-statement-on-nsaas-policy-on-transgender-student-participation/

Terrio, Most Rev. Paul. (2016). Pastoral letter, A basic flaw in the Alberta Education’s

Guidelines for Best Practices: Creating Learning Environments that Respect
Diverse Sexual Orientations, Gender Identities and Gender Expression.
from lines-1.pdf

United States Catholic Conference of Bishops Natural Family Planning Program.

(n.d.). Life as a gift from God. Retrieved from and-action/marriage-and-family/natural-family-planning/catholic- teaching/upload/Life-as-a-gift-from-God.pdf

United States Catholic Conference of Bishops Natural Family Planning Program.

(n.d.). Human sexuality. Retrieved from action/marriage-and-family/natural-family-planning/catholic- teaching/upload/Human-sexuality.pdf

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Subcommittee for the Promotion

and Defense of Marriage. (2016). “Gender theory”/“Gender ideology” – Select teaching resources. Retrieved from action/marriage-and-family/marriage/promotion-and-defense-of- marriage/upload/Gender-Ideology-Select-Teaching-resources.pdf

Documents from Popes
Pope St. John Paul II. (2006). Man and woman He created them. Boston, MA:

Pauline Books & Media.

Pope St. John Paul II. (1993). Love and responsibility. San Francisco, CA: Ignatius


Pope St. John Paul II. (February 11, 1981). General audience, The virtue of purity

is the expression and fruit of life according to the Spirit. Retrieved from

Pope St. John Paul II. (November 7, 1979). General audience, The original unity of

man and woman. Retrieved from ii/en/audiences/1979/documents/hf_jp-ii_aud_19791107.html

Documents from the Vatican
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. (2008). Instruction dignitatis personae

on certain bioethical questions. Retrieved from on_cfaith_doc_20081208_dignitas-personae_en.html

Libreria Editrice Vaticana. (1993). Catechism of the Catholic Church. Retrieved


Pontifical Council for the Family. (1995). The truth and meaning of human sexuality:

Guidelines for education within the family. Retrieved from rc_pc_family_doc_08121995_human-sexuality_en.html

Sacred Congregation for Catholic Education. (1983). Educational guidance in human

love: Outlines for sex education. Retrieved from rc_con_ccatheduc_doc_19831101_sexual-education_en.html

Bonacci, M. (2006). Sex and love: What’s a teenager to do? Lansdale, PA: Vision


Evert, J., & Evert, C. (2004). Romance without regret. San Diego, CA: Catholic

Answers Press

Evert, J., & Marie, E. (2001). Teen relationships and sexual pressure. Lansdale, PA:

Vision Video.

American College of Pediatricians. (2016) Gender ideology harms children. ideology-harms-children